Exploration of COVID infection data in Italy: how high really was the first wave?

Official data for the COVID epidemic in Italy are availabe at https://github.com/pcm-dpc. The number of known active cases over time show a first wave of infections over March-June and a second one, much higher, started in October 2020 and still ongoing:

FIGURE 1. Number of known active COVID cases per day in Italy throughout 2020.
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Notes from the field: finding Lapeirousia pyramidalis

Color variability in a population of Lapeirousia pyramidalis subsp. regalis

The reason of my field trip to the Cape was to study Lapeirousia pyramidalis. This plant species occurs in two subspecies: subspecies regalis, with mostly purple flowers, is distributed within a 80-km-long, ~1-km-wide stretch of the succulent Karoo region, along the Olifants river and West of the Cederberg; subspecies pyramidalis has mostly white-pink, scented flowers and is widespread in the Karoo East of the Cederberg. The two subspecies differ also by their pollinators: long-tongued flies for subsp. regalis and moths for subsp. pyramidalis. Continue reading